Thinking vs. Knowing: The Semantics and Pragmatics of Presuppositions

What's the difference between "thinking" and "knowing"? What rules do we follow for adjusting our conversational worlds? In this week's episode, we delve into the semantics and pragmatics of presuppositions: which words come equipped with them, how presuppositions depend on the situation and our mental worlds, and what antipresuppositions can tell us about the mechanics of interpreting sentences.

This is Topic #87!

This week's tag language: Ewe!

Related videos:
How Do Conversations Work? Gricean Maxims - https://youtu.be/rzxyjFHh-y8
How Do We Build Meaning With Math? Set Theory and Adjectives - https://youtu.be/M96aiDk2ePw
How Do We Capture the Truth of Beliefs? Type Theory - https://youtu.be/CWE9ycOxCEQ

Last episode:
How Do We Put Sentences Inside Other Sentences? Complementizer Phrases - https://youtu.be/q9g77Wj5wr0

Other of our semantics and pragmatics videos:
How Do We Create a Shared World in Conversation? Common Ground - https://youtu.be/gQqXmhqM13U
How Does One Greek Letter Help Us Understand Language? Lambda Calculus - https://youtu.be/BwWQDzXBuwg
How Do We Signal What's Important in Conversation? Information Structure - https://youtu.be/gZ6o8yFvJYI

Our website also has extra content about this week's topic, discussing why presuppositions are so resilient, at: http://www.thelingspace.com/episode-87/

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Sources:
Most information in this episode comes from this paper:
http://semanticsarchive.net/Archive/GI3YzhlM/AntipresuppositionsVersion1.pdf

For more information on scalar implicatures, we also used: https://web.stanford.edu/class/linguist236/implicature/materials/ling236-handout-04-23-scalars.pdf

Looking forward to next time!

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